Chess is an ancient game
The history of chess can be traced back nearly 1500 years, although the earliest predecessor of the game probably originated in India, before the 6th century AD. From India, the game spread to Persia. When the Arabs conquered Persia, chess was taken up by the Muslim world and subsequently spread to Southern Europe. In Europe, chess evolved in the 15th century into roughly its current form.
The “Romantic Era of Chess” was the predominant chess playing style down to the 1880s. It was characterized attacks, clever combinations, brash piece sacrifices and dynamic games. Winning was secondary to winning with style.These games were focused more on artistic expression, rather than technical mastery or long-term planning.
The Romantic era of play was followed by the Scientific, Hypermodern, and New Dynamism eras. In the second half of the 19th century, modern chess tournament play began, and the first World Chess Championship was held in 1886.
The 20th century saw great leaps forward in chess theory and the establishment of the World Chess Federation (FIDE). Developments in the 21st century include use of computers for analysis, which originated in the 1970s with the first programmed chess games on the market. Online gaming appeared in the mid-1990s.
Chess is definitely a popular game all over the world. In 2012 a survey established that “chess players now make up one of the largest communities in the world: 605 million adults play chess regularly”. Chess is played at least once a year by 12% British people; 15% Americans. 23% Germans; 43% Russians; and 70% Indian people
Chess sets have been made with a number of diverse raw materials over the years. There are marble chess sets, ivory chess sets, glass chess sets, wood chess sets and chess sets mad of clay, pewter, stone, and various metals. Today the most widely available chess sets are made of plastics. Plastic is a mixture of high molecular weight polymers and various fillers. For a plastic to be suitable in chess-piece manufacture it must be easily coloured and heat stable, and have good impact strength.